In 2014, the transport of lighting equipment from collection points to processing sites was provided by the companies which have long-term experience in the transportation of waste, especially in the transportation of electric waste:
Marius Pedersen a.s.
Sita CZ a.s.
van Gansewinkel, a.s.
In a public tender which was carried out in the second half of the year 2014, the same companies as in the previous year succeed, but the distribution of regions served by these companies differs and savings for transport of old lighting equipment were achieved.
In 2014 the following specific numbers were achieved in the collection and processing of lighting equipment:
Lamps are collected at collection points in special metal containers or cardboard boxes provided by the EKOLAMP collective scheme. When full, the containers or boxes are transported to a consolidation point. There are twelve of them at the end of the year 2014 and they are evenly spread across the Czech Republic. At the consolidation point the free capacity of the containers is filled with lamps from the cardboard boxes so that their capacity is used fully to ensure cost-effective transport. The containers are then transported in larger numbers to recycling plants.
Most of the collection points are serviced by the so-called small collection vessels. They are designated for the collection of used lighting equipment from households. Nearly 1,900 vessels have been installed in government buildings, stores and companies. Besides collecting waste, these vessels help companies and the government to fulfil their corporate citizenship missions and to the citizens they provide the opportunity to behave responsibly to the environment. Small vessels include a special cardboard box whose measures allow transportation with other types of vessels and this helps to optimise the logistic costs.
Given the mercury content in lamps, their recycling requires special technologies. In 2014 EKOLAMP used, as before, services provided by RECYKLACE EKOVUK, a.s., the only company in the Czech Republic which has sufficiently good technology to ensure great results in recycling and re-use of raw materials. Moreover, this company can provide a high ratio of material re-use through its connection with the holding Kovohutě Příbram, the rate reached 100% in lamps (the statutory rate is 80%) as at December 31, 2014. This result is achieved, in particular, by putting glass of fluorescent lamps in the melting furnace during the process of lead production.
Luminaires are collected and transported on pallets or loosely stored in large containers of the “abroll” type. Since 2008 EKOLAMP has been using cage containers in selected collection points in the Czech Republic. In 2014, 97 cage containers were operated. Further development of the network is conditioned by the market demand.
Luminaires are transported from collection points to consolidation points and from here they are transported in higher volumes for recycling to the following contractual partners:
RECYKLACE EKOVUK, a.s. based in Příbram
MHM EKO s.r.o. based in Zábřeh
EKOPART s.r.o. based in Vamberk
RAVO Trade, v.o.s. based in Dobelice
STEELMET, s.r.o. based in Staré Město u Uherského Hradiště
Recycling of luminaires depends highly on manual dismantling. However, the material composition enables to reach high rate of material usage, almost 99% of input material.